100 FLYING BIRDS: Photographing the Mechanics of Flight

 

ADVANCED READING FOR CHAPTER 4: SMALL WATERBIRDS

 

 

AN OBITUARY FOR THEODORE CROSS:

The New York Times published an obituary for Theodore Cross on March 4, 2010. The text from page A23 can be read here:

Fox, M. 2010. “Theodore Cross Dies at 86, A Champion of Civil Rights.” New York Times, March 3, 2010.

https://www.nytimes.com/2010/03/04/business/04cross.html

 

THE WATERBIRD SOCIETY

Details of the Waterbird Society and its journal Waterbirds can be found here:

The Waterbird Society.  2016. “Welcome to the online home of the Waterbird Society.” Accessed July 13, 2019.

https://waterbirds.org

 

ARTHUR C. CLARKE’S PLANET OCEAN QUOTE

The veracity of attribution of the quote is discussed here:

O’Toole, G. 2017. “Planet ‘Earth’: We Should Have Called It ‘Sea.’” Quote Investigator.

https://quoteinvestigator.com/2017/01/25/water-planet/

 

FLOCKING OF UAVS

A complex mathematical exploration of the problem of preventing a group of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles from colliding is presented here:

Jia, Y., Q. Li and W. Zhang. 2019. “A distributed cooperative approach for unmanned aerial vehicle flocking.” Chaos29 (4).

https://aip.scitation.org/doi/full/10.1063/1.5082574

PMID: 31042939

DOI: 10.1063/1.5082574

 

ENDANGERED SPECIES IN THE PACIFIC ISLANDS

The official list of all species of plants and animals that are endangered in the U.S. Pacific Islands is here:

U.S.  Fish & Wildlife Service. 2014. “Endangered Species in the Pacific Islands.” Pacific Islands Fish and Wildlife Office. Last updated July 31, 2014.

https://www.fws.gov/pacificislands/teslist.html

Accessed 07.04.19

 

NECK LENGTH AND LEG LENGTH

The number of vertebral segments in the neck (cervical vertebrae) of birds varies across species. In the following paper, the authors reported between 10 and 23 vertebrae in the 103 species studied.

Böhmer, C., O. Plateau, R. Cornette, and A. Abourachid. 2019.. “Correlated evolution of neck length and leg length in birds.” R. Soc. open sci. 6:181588. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.181588

 

THE MECHANISM OF SKIMMER PREY LOCATION

A discussion of the role of vision in location of prey by the black skimmer is here:

G. R. Martin, R. Mcneil, and L. M. Rojas.2007. “Vision and the foraging technique of skimmers (Rynchopidae).” Ibis 149 (4): 750–757.

 

THE CALL OF THE WHIMBREL

Xeno-canto.org is a tremendous resource of bird vocalizations from around the world. The call of the Whimbrel can be heard here:

Xeno-canto Foundation. 2020. “Whimbrel - Numenius phaeopus.” Xeno-canto Foundation and the Naturalis Biodiversity Center.

https://www.xeno-canto.org/species/Numenius-phaeopus?view=3

Accessed July 8, 2019

Another good source of bird voices is eBird:

https://ebird.org/species/whimbr

Accessed May 5, 2020