100 FLYING BIRDS: Photographing the Mechanics of Flight
ADVANCED READING FOR CHAPTER 6: DUCKS, GEESE, AND SWANS
DARWIN’S OBSERVATION ON FLIGHTLESS DUCKS
The quotes from Darwin were entries in his Journal as follows:
[page] 257 March, 1834. ORNITHOLOGY.
[page] 258 FALKLAND ISLANDS. March, 1834.
They can be read on-line here:
The original publication was as follows:
Darwin, C. R. 1839. Narrative of the surveying voyages of His Majesty's Ships Adventure and Beagle between the years 1826 and 1836, describing their examination of the southern shores of South America, and the Beagle's circumnavigation of the globe. Journal and remarks. 1832-1836. London: Henry Colburn.
When accessed on July 29, 2019, the following page described “kill fests” and showed images of hunters with the hundreds of birds they had killed.
Alex, the Duck Pimp. 2010. “August 2010 6 Day Kill Fest.” The Poachers Journal: Argentina Duck Hunting. Argentina Dove Hunting, August 20, 2010.
THE MIGRATORY BIRD TREATY ACT (MBTA)
A good history of the MBTA can be found here:
Greenspan, J. 2015. “The History and Evolution of the Migratory Bird Treaty Act.” Audubon, May 22, 2015.
Accessed July 29, 2019
ANALYSIS BY THE US DEPARTMENT OF FISH AND WILDLIFE
An example of the detailed analysis used to determine hunting opportunities can be seen here:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2018. Waterfowl population status, 2018. Washington, D.C. USA: U.S. Department of the Interior.
FLIGHT SPEED OF NORTHERN PINTAILS
A study of Northern Pintail flight speeds during migration was published here:
Miller, M. R., J. Y. Takekawa, J. P. Fleskes, D. L. Orthmeyer, M. L. Casazza, D. A. Haukos, and W. M. Perry. 2005. “Flight Speeds of Northern Pintails During Migration Determined Using Satellite Telemetry.” The Wilson Bulletin 117 (4): 364-374.
An abstract and table of speeds can be accessed here:
HUNTING THE RUDDY-HEADED GOOSE
An interesting article from the Cornell Laboratory about the subtle, and potentially species-saving, differences between Ruddy-headed Geese on the South American mainland and in the Falkland Islands is here:
Powell, H. 2016. “Saving a Species by Splitting It: The Case of the Ruddy-Headed Goose.” Living Bird Autumn 2016.
Accessed July 21, 2019
CANADA GEESE IN EUROPE
The attitude towards Canada Geese in Europe is described in the following article on this species on the Handbook Birds of the World website:
“Canada Goose (Branta canadensis),” Thomas B. Mowbray, Craig R. Ely, James S. Sedinger, and Robert E. Trost. (2020). version 1.0. In Birds of the World (P. G. Rodewald, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.
Accessed August 30, 2020 (Paid subscription required).