100 FLYING BIRDS: Photographing the Mechanics of Flight

ADVANCED READING FOR CHAPTER 10: SONGBIRDS

 

 

CUCKOOS AND NIGHTINGALES IN CLASSICAL MUSIC

The call of the cuckoo is used in music by Beethoven, Delius, Handel, Mozart, Respighi, Rimsky-Korsakov, Saint-Saens, and Vivaldi and others.

Jeffrey Sward. 2019.“Cuckoo and Other Bird Sounds Used in Classical Instrumental Music.” Jeffrey Sward, Photographer.

http://www.jeffreysward.com/editorials/cuckoo.htm

Accessed August 2, 2020

 

Nightingale song appears in works by Handel, Rameau, Respighi, Beethoven, Glinka, Mendelssohn, Liszt, Balakirev, Grieg, Granados, Ravel, and Milhaud.

Wikipedia contributors, "Birds in Music, "Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Birds_in_music (accessed August 2, 2020).

 

VOCALIZATION OF THE WOOD STORK

Adult Wood Storks interact at times through the clatter of bills. The young make a variety of primitive sounds.

.M. C. Coulter,  J. A. Rodgers Jr., J. C. Ogden, and F. C. Depkin. 2020. Wood Stork (Mycteria americana),version 1.0. “Sounds and Vocal Behavior.” In Birds of the World (A. F. Poole and F. B. Gill, editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA

https://birdsoftheworld.org/bow/species/woosto/cur/introduction

Accessed August 2, 2020.(This article is behind a paywall.)

USDA STATEMENT ON BREWER’S BLACKBIRDS CROP DAMAGE AND MANAGEMENT

A pamphlet on blackbirds from an agricultural perspective is here:

R. A. Dolbeeer and Linz, G. M. 2016. “Blackbirds. (Wildlife Damage Management Technical Series)”. USDA Department of Agriculture Animal & Plant Health Inspect Service, Wildlife Services.

https://www.aphis.usda.gov/wildlife_damage/reports/Wildlife%20Damage%20Management%20Technical%20Series/Blackbirds-WDM-Technical-Series.pdf

 

THOMAS MAYO BREWER

Brewer’s obituary was published in the Bulletin of the Nuttall Ornithological Club in 1880 and can be viewed here:

“Thomas Mayo Brewer.” 1880. Bulletin of the Nuttall Ornithological Club 5, no. 2: 102-04. Accessed July 24, 2020. www.jstor.org/stable/24723261.

            https://www.jstor.org/stable/24723261?seq=1#metadata_info_tab_contents

 

JOHANN WAGLER’S PRECEDENCE IN DESCRIBING Euphagus cyanocephalus

The authoritative site for all species of plants, animals, fungi, and microbes is the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).

Their page on Brewer’s Blackbird credits Johann Wagler with the first description of the bird in 1829, fourteen years before Audubon (re)named it for his friend THOMAS MAYO BREWER.

Integrated Taxonomic Information System online database. “Euphagus cyanocephalus (Wagler, 1829)” Accessed July 24, 2020.

https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=179094#null

 

THE CALL OF THE WOODLAND KINGFISHER

The descending trill of the Woodland Kingfisher can be heard here:

Lynette Rudman, XC305639.  “Woodland Kingfisher Halcyon senegalensis” xeno-canto: Sharing bird sounds from around the world. https://www.xeno-canto.org/305639

(accessed September 16, 2019)

 

THE SONG OF THE WHITE-THROATED SPARROW

The description of the song is here;

J. B. Falls and J. G. Kopachena. 2020. “White-throated Sparrow (Zonotrichia albicollis),  Sounds and Vocal Behavior,” version 1.0. In Birds of the World (A. F. Poole, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.  https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.whtspa.01

 https://birdsoftheworld.org/bow/species/whtspa/cur/sounds

Accessed July 31, 2020. (This article is behind a paywall)

 

EXPLAINING AGGREGATION

This paper reviews the issue of whether or not aggregation allows decreased vigilance:

Adrian Treves. 2000.“Theory and Method in Studies of Vigilance and Aggregation.” Animal Behavior.60: 711-722.

https://doi:10.1006/anbe.2000.1528 

 

SELF-ORGANIZATION AND INFORMATION FLOW

A discussion of alternative theories of aggregation in animals can be found in this paper:

D. J. T. Sumpter. 2006. “The Principles of Collective Animal Behaviour.”  Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 29:361(1465): 5-22.

doi: 10.1098/rstb.2005.1733.

PMID: 16553306

 

HERE WE GO ROUND THE MULBERRY BUSH

The old English nursery rhyme is sung by children holding hands and dancing in a circle. However, Mulberry does not grow on bushes!

 

Here we go round the mulberry bush,

The mulberry bush,

The mulberry bush.

Here we go round the mulberry bush

On a cold and frosty morning.

 

CEDAR WAXWING VOCALIZATION

Several sonograms of the Cedar Waxwing can be accessed from the “Listen” button on this page:

The Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Cedar Waxwing (Bombycilla cedrorum). eBird.

 

https://ebird.org/species/cedwax

Accessed August 16, 2020

 

AMERICAN ROBIN SONOGRAMS

Sonograms of the American Robin can be accessed from the “Listen” button on this page:

The Cornell Lab of Ornithology.American Robin (Turdus migratorius). eBird.

https://ebird.org/species/amerob

Accessed August 16, 2020.

 

RUFOUS-CHESTED SWALLOW NESTING BEHAVIOR

The nesting preferences of Rufous-chested Swallows are discussed here:

Turner, A. 2020. “Rufous-chested Swallow (Cecropis semirufa), version 1.0.” In: Birds of the World edited by J. del Hoyo,, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D. A. Christie, and E. de Juana . Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.rucswa2.01  (retrieved on September 3, 2020).

This article is behind a paywall.

 

SONG OF THE RUFOUS-CHESTED SWALLOW

A brief description and a recording of this bird’s song is here:

Turner, A. (2020). Rufous-chested Swallow (Cecropis semirufa), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D. A. Christie, and E. de Juana, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.rucswa2.01  (retrieved on September 3, 2020).

This article is behind a paywall. Press the “LISTEN” button to hear the song.